Multiscale scanning in inverse problems - With applications to nanobiophotonics

Katharina Proksch (Universität Göttingen)
Wednesday, February 8, 2017 - 10:00am
WIAS, Erhard-Schmidt-Saal, Mohrenstraße 39, 10117 Berlin

We propose a multiscale scanning method to determine active components of a quantity $f$ w.r.t. a dictionary $\mathcal U$ from observations $Y$ in an inverse regression model $Y = Tf + \xi$ with operator $T$ and general random error $\xi$. To this end, we provide uniform confidence statements for the coefficients $(\varphi, f),\varphi\in\mathcal U$, under the assumption that $(T^{\star})^{-1}(\mathcal U)$ is of wavelet-type. Based on this we obtain a decision rule that allows to identify the active components of $\mathcal U$, i.e. $(f,\varphi) \neq 0, \varphi\in\mathcal U$, at controlled, family-wise error rate. Our results rely on a Gaussian approximation of the underlying multiscale statistic with a novel scale penalty adapted to the ill- posedness of the problem. The important special case of deconvolution is discussed in detail. Further, the pure regression case, when $T = {\rm id}$ and the dictionary consists of moving windows of various sizes (scales), is included, generalizing previous results for this setting. Simulations support our theory and we illustrate the potential of the method as an inferential tool for imaging. As a particular application we discuss super-resolution microscopy and analyze experimental STED data to locate single DNA origami.